The Role of a manager in any industry has common functions and responsibilities.
The role of a manager is critical for any organization. The most important task a manager must perform is planning.
In this task, a manager defines the strategic plan to achieve the goals and objectives of his organization or department. Depending on the level of the manager, these goals and their strategic level will differ. The higher the manager, the more strategic these goals are.
The function of a manager also involves organizing “who is who”. A manager decides on the task or duties that are necessary to achieve the planned goals as described above. The manager decides on who does which task. This usually involves deciding on the hierarchy criteria of the organization or department. This makes the human resources part of a manager’s role very critical and hence people skills should decide the manager’s effectiveness.
Once the organizational structure is established as described above, the manager must control and lead the group of people or employees to ensure that their function is in accordance with the overall objectives. This is usually where the term “manage” or manager comes to explain the role of a manager.
The manager’s role also involves monitoring the performance of the organization’s or department results. Corrective measures to fix any deviation from strategic goals or even measures to enhance the results are taken by the manager.
The manager role also requires the manager to focus on symbolic and ceremonial duties such as handing gifts in a competition or usually at farewell parties when a staff resigns!
The manager usually controls much information and that implies an information dissemination role that he must play.
When you have information as a manager, you will need to make decisions. These could be related to human resources to promote a staff or select a vendor or a supplier.
Depending on your job as a manager, you might have to do all of the roles above, some of them or specific job tasks. However, the above roles of a manager are typical in all types of industries.